1896 – Also Sprach Zarathustra – a free-form symphonic piece by Richard Strauss, debuts in Frankfurt

27th of November, 1896 – Also Sprach Zarathustra (Thus Spoke Zarathustra) a tone poem, by Richard Strauss, inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophical novel, debuts in Frankfurt.

Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30, Thus Spoke Zarathustra is a tone poem by Richard Strauss, composed in 1896, and inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophical 1883-1885 novel Thus Spoke Zarathustra. The composer conducted its first performance on 27 November 1896 in Frankfurt. A typical performance lasts half an hour. Symphonic poem The initial fanfare – titled “Sunrise”, became well known after its use in Stanley Kubrick’s 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Richard Georg Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss 11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, and violinist. Considered a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras, he has been described as a successor of Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt. Along with Gustav Mahler, he represents the late flowering of German Romanticism after Wagner, in which pioneering subtleties of orchestration are combined with an advanced harmonic style.

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, and philologist known for numerous major works of philosophy, quite controversial at the time, like “Apollonian” and “Dionysian”, “Übermensch” and “Also sprach Zarathustra”. Nietzsche is particularly associated with Nihilism and associates it with the modern age. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He also became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at the age of 24.

Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30, Gustavo Dudamel, conductor · Berliner Philharmoniker. Recorded at the Berlin Philharmonie, 28 April 2012.